In 2010, the government adopted measures to give small businesses the opportunity to engage in private enterprises, for example in tourism,transportation, accommodation and restaurants. There are now around 600,000 Cubans self-employed. In 2013, the government allowed the establishment of non-agricultural cooperatives in the real sector. This initially led to about 400 new cooperatives being founded.
Cooperative federations and central institutions do not yet exist. First of all, the legal basis would have to be created. With a far-reaching constitutional reform, the decentralisation and, among other things, the autonomy of the country’s approximately 5,000 agricultural cooperatives is supposed to increase in the future. The aim is to “create equal conditions for all producers”. In the future, cooperatives will be allowed to market their surpluses freely after they have fulfilled their contracts with the state and will be given greater management freedom. In addition, state support programmes for institutional strengthening are to be set up for the cooperatives. The new Decree Law 365 came into force in November 2019.
The DGRV is currently working in Cuba as an expert consultant for a project to rehabilitate the Bay of Havana, which is being carried out by BORDA. The inter-institutional programme for the integrated management and sustainable development of the Bay of Havana, its tributary river basin and the adjacent interaction coastal zone coordinates the relevant organisations, facilities and institutions in the implementation of preventive measures and the planned preventive, corrective and ecological restoration measures. The DGRV is going to develop business models for prevention and remediation activities and implements them in various forms of cooperation.
The principal activities of the DGRV’s project work in Cuba can be summarised as follows:
It is the specialized and nationally recognized working group for the results of the rehabilitation of the Bay of Havana and for the work of monitoring and following up the development of the ecosystem, the rehabilitation of the Bay of Havana and the evaluation of the positive effects on the quality of life of the population.
The project “Cooperation of the DGRV with the national OCB-SESCOOP system in Brazil and cooperative structures in Argentina” supports cooperative structures through technical and process consulting as well as an international exchange of experts between agricultural cooperative associations in Brazil, Argentina and Germany.More