The multi-level approach of the DGRV

central government, regional governments, ministries, central bank/supervisory authority
- legal framework for cooperatives, MSMEs, rural financing
- regulation, by-law, supervision, licensing, norms, standards
- refinancing programmes, support/coordination


National federations
(with diverse services such as consultancy, auditing)
national cooperative centres
regional federations
(with diverse services such as consultancy, auditing)
regional cooperative centres (such as bank)
local cooperative societies
(savings and credit cooperatives, rural and small-scale industry commodity and service cooperatives)
members / customers of local cooperatives
(MSMEs, farmers, general public),
cooperatively-organized self-help groups

Every cooperative must be competitive in order to be able to provide services to the members. Yet the performance of a cooperative does not depend on efficient operations alone. The necessary legal and regulatory conditions (macro level) need to be in place and provide opportunities for cooperatives. At the same time, the individual cooperative needs to be part of a subsidiarity-based network enabling it to benefit from the services of specialized centres and associations, in particular in the fields of training and auditing (meso level). At the micro level, consistent business orientation, an adequate internal organization and well-trained managerial and general staff are called for. In its project activities, the DGRV offers advisory and other services at all levels (macro, meso and micro levels).
A high degree of flexibility is typical of the DGRV approach in project activities. We are able to respond to requests for consultancy and programmes from countries or organizations on short notice. In parts, projects are implemented with the involvement of long-term experts based in the DGRV offices in the field. Specific expert know-how is made available through short-term experts.

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